Root Canal: Causes, Procedures, and Treatments You Need to Know

Root canals are a standard dental procedure that can be used to treat a variety of issues. Root canals treat problems that affect the inside of the tooth, such as an infection or a damaged nerve. 

When a tooth has been damaged or infected, it can cause inflammation and pain. A root canal is a way to remove damaged or infected tissue while preserving the healthy parts of the tooth.

When Do You Need a Root Canal?

A root canal procedure is necessary when the pulp of your tooth becomes damaged, infected, or decayed. The pulp is the innermost layer of your tooth that contains living tissue, blood vessels, and nerves. 

When the pulp becomes infected or decayed, it can cause great pain and discomfort. The root canal procedure is designed to remove the infected pulp, clean the tooth, and fill the area with a medicated material to protect the tooth from further damage.

Several causes of pulpal damage can lead to the need for a root canal:

1. Tooth Decay

Tooth decay occurs when bacteria and plaque build up on the tooth’s surface and erode the enamel. Once the enamel is eroded, the tooth’s dentin layer is exposed, allowing bacteria to enter the pulp and cause an infection.

2. Trauma to the Tooth

If a tooth is cracked or chipped, bacteria and infection can enter the pulp and cause an infection. Additionally, trauma to the tooth can cause the nerves and blood vessels of the pulp to become damaged, leading to a need for a root canal.

3. Deep Filling

If a filling is too deep, it can cause the nerves and blood vessels of the pulp to become compressed. This compression can lead to a need for a root canal.

What Are the Procedures or Treatments Needed?

Root canal treatment is recommended for teeth that have deep cavities, cracks, or trauma. When a tooth is damaged, bacteria can enter the pulp chamber, causing an infection. If left untreated, the infection can spread and cause further damage to the tooth, jawbone, and surrounding teeth.

A root canal procedure typically involves the following steps:

1. X-rays are taken to assess the severity of the infection further.

2. Local Anesthesia is used to numb the affected area.

3. The dentist will then make an opening in the tooth’s crown to access the pulp chamber and root canals.

4. The infected pulp is removed, and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed.

5. A filling material is used to fill the cavity and restore the tooth to its original shape and structure.

6. In some cases, a crown may be recommended to protect the tooth and improve its appearance.

When to Contact Your Trusted Dentist

If you have any of the following signs and symptoms of an infected or damaged tooth, it is important to contact your trusted dentist right away:

1. Severe toothache that persists even after taking medications

2. Prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures

3. Swelling in your gums or face

4. Pus drainage from the area around the tooth

5. Discoloration of the tooth


You must contact your trusted dentist immediately if you experience any signs and symptoms of an infected or damaged tooth. Your dentist will examine the affected area and determine if root canal treatment is necessary. If so, your dentist will provide detailed instructions on how to care for your tooth after the procedure. It is also important to maintain good oral hygiene practices to ensure that your tooth remains healthy and free of infection or damage.

Are you looking for a trusted dentist in Leesburg for a root canal? Look no further than Leesburg Bright Dental. We accept dental emergency care and walk-ins for any dental concerns. Give us a call today!

Posted in Dental Health